Steve’s take: “As of September, Canadian headline CPI was up 6.9% year-over-year and 0.1% month-over-month (chart 1). While the year-over-year figure marks the third consecutive monthly slowdown in headline inflation, the month-over-month increase exceeded market consensus of a 0.1% decline, indicating that the Bank of Canada may need to continue taking action to tame inflation.”
Food purchased from grocery stores accounts for 1.3% of the 6.9% year-over-year inflation (chart 2), driven by an 11.4% year-over-year increase in prices. Food purchased from stores remains among the top contributors to both year-over-year and month-over-month inflation.
Private transportation accounts for 1.3% of year-over-year inflation, representing a smaller proportion of overall inflation compared to Q2. This was primarily due to falling gasoline prices (-7% month-over-month). Price decelerations in this category have been a large contributor to the deceleration in overall year-over-year inflation.
Shelter had a 2.1% contribution to year-over-year inflation in September. Shelter costs increased 0.5% month-over-month, the fastest pace since May. Much of this came from a 2.8% month-over-month increase in mortgage interest costs which is the largest increase in decades. Rents and homeowner replacement costs were both little changed.
Chart 1: CPI Change
Chart 2: Canada headline CPI contribution year-over-year
Steve’s take: “In its Fall Economic Statement 2022, released on November 3, the Government of Canada announced its decision to cease issuance of real return bonds (RRBs) effective immediately. Plans with existing RRB allocations backing liabilities could consider holding these positions to maturity as they should continue to provide a good hedge to their liabilities. To supplement their inflation hedge going forward, plans may look to use U.S. Treasury inflation-protected securities (TIPS), U.S. inflation swaps or real assets, depending on their objectives and risk tolerances.”
Chart 3: 3-Month Real Estate Returns vs. Changes in Canada and U.S. CPI
Chart 4: Federal Real Return Bonds auctioned ($B)
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CPI change (chart 1)
12-month, YTD, and MoM change in the Statistics Canada Consumer Price Index, monthly, not seasonally adjusted (Table 18-10-0004-01)
Canada headline CPI contribution year-over-year (chart 2)
Bank of Canada Consumer Price Index Portal
Long-term break-even inflation (chart 3)
Calculated as ((1 + Government of Canada benchmark bond yields, long term [CANSIM V39056]/2)/(1 + Real return benchmark bond yield, long term [CANSIM V39057]/2))^2 – 1.
Break-even inflation curve (%) (chart 4)
Sourced from Bloomberg
Federal Real Return Bonds auctioned ($B) (chart 5)
Bank of Canada Government Securities Auctions, Government of Canada Historical Auction Results, RRB Results
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