August 2022: Canadian Monthly Corporate Bond Watch

PM spotlight

Randall Malcolm, MSc, CFA, Senior Managing Director & Portfolio Manager, Public Fixed Income

Slight increase in Canadian corporate new issuances and tightening of credit spreads during the month. As is typically the case, August was a relatively quiet month for Canadian corporate bond new issuances, but there was a slight uptick in new issuances (especially in the long end, with three deals coming to market). On the provincial side, the credit curve steepened, but overall spread movements were muted. On the bright side, long Canadian corporates outperformed their peers in both the U.S. and Europe, where credit spreads have widened.

Government of Canada bonds yields increased in August, led by shorter maturities. Relatively high inflation, combined with a commitment from central banks to continue to raise rates despite fear of an economic downturn, is putting upward pressure on yields. The 2-year Government of Canada bond yield increased by 68 basis points while the 10-year Government of Canada bond yield increased by 50 bps, causing the 2- to 10-year segment of the yield curve to invert even further (2-year yield at 3.64% and 10-year at 3.11%).

Canada’s annual inflation rate, as measured by the Consumer Price Index (CPI), indicated slight signs of moderating at 7.6%. In an effort to control inflation, the Bank of Canada raised the benchmark interest rate in early September by 75 bps, bringing the target for the overnight rate to 3.25%, and is also continuing its policy of quantitative tightening (QT).


U.S./Canada relative value became more attractive during the month as Canadian corporate spreads tightened and U.S. corporate spreads widened.


Jul. 29

Aug. 31


U.S./CA swap difference

47 bps

49 bps

2 bps

U.S./CA OAS difference

-23 bps

-17 bps

6 bps

U.S./CA relative value

23 bps

32 bps

8 bps

Credit spreads by quality and maturity (bps)

The provincial credit curve steepened and corporate spreads slightly decreased on a month-over-month basis.

Annuity proxy and related market spreads (%)

We expect the annuity proxy to remain unchanged at 1.50% (our estimate of the unrounded annuity proxy is 1.52%) based on the current levels of credit spreads and the current shape of the risk free curve. The actual annuity proxy will also reflect changes based on annuity market competition, asset availability and changing longevity views, and will differ from this hypothetical estimate.

The content of this presentation is intended for institutional investors only. It is not for retail use or distribution to individual investors. All investments involve risk including the possible loss of capital. This presentation is for informational and educational purposes only. Past performance is not a guarantee of future results. 

Unless otherwise stated, all figures and estimates provided have been sourced from Bloomberg and SLC Management internal credit research. The information provided on issuance is based on internal experience internally. Unless otherwise noted, all references to “$” are in CAD. Any reference to a specific asset does not constitute a recommendation to buy, sell or hold or directly invest in it.  It should not be assumed that the recommendations made in the future will be profitable or will equal the results of the assets discussed in this document.

The information contained in this presentation is not intended to provide specific financial, tax, investment, insurance, legal or accounting advice and should not be relied upon and does not constitute a specific offer to buy and/or sell securities, insurance or investment services. Investors should consult with their professional advisors before acting upon any information contained in this presentation.

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Credit spreads by quality and maturity (graph)

Option adjusted spreads of the securities included in the FTSE Canada Universe Bond Index for different maturity buckets. Quality breakdown based on DBRS ratings. “FTSE®” is a trade mark of FTSE® International Limited and is used under license.

Annuity proxy and related market spreads: (graph)

The Annuity Proxy (Actual) references the appropriate spread to be added to the Government of Canada marketable bonds, average yield series, over 10 years (CANSIM V39062) as a proxy for the annuity purchase yield for a medium duration pension plan, as published in Canadian Institute of Actuaries (“CIA”)’s educational notes on “Assumptions for Hypothetical Wind-Up and Solvency Valuations” at various effective dates (“CIA’s educational notes”). Corporate and provincial spreads are the duration neutral (relative to the liabilities) option adjusted spreads based on a blend of mid and long term FTSE Canada corporate and provincial indices. The Annuity Proxy (Hypothetical) is based on an internal SLC Management auto regression model that seeks to explain the historical “Average of the Three Most Competitive Hypothetical Quotes” (“hypothetical quotes”) as published in the CIA’s educational notes, using FTSE Canada provincial and corporate spreads, and changes in the shape of the Government of Canada risk free yield curve as explanatory variables. According to the CIA’s educational notes, these hypothetical quotes are given weight by the CIA in determining the annuity proxy guidance, in addition to data collected on actual annuity purchases and bona fide quotations. For greater certainty, the actual and bona fide quotations used by the CIA are not publically available and have not been considered in our determination of the Annuity Proxy (Hypothetical).

Hypothetical performance data does not represent the performance of actual client portfolios. Trading and other costs have not been deducted from the performance data (e.g. commissions and custodial fees). Hypothetical results may differ significantly from actual performance, as there may be variations in the percentage of each security held, the timing of security purchases and sales, and the availability and/or price of a particular security over time as the portfolio does not reflect actual market conditions. Forward-looking statements are speculative in nature and may be subject to risks, uncertainties and assumptions and actual results which could differ significantly from the statements. Do not place undue reliance upon such forward-looking statements. All opinions and commentary are subject to change without notice and are provided in good faith without legal responsibility.

U.S./CA relative value (table)

U.S./CA swap difference is the weighted-average pickup that results from the cross-currency swap based on the key rate durations of the Bloomberg Barclays U.S. Long Corporate Index. U.S./CA OAS difference is the difference between the option adjusted spread of the Bloomberg Barclays US Long Corporate Index and the Bloomberg Barclays Canadian Long Corporate Index.

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