April 2024: Canadian Monthly Corporate Bond Watch

PM spotlight

Randall Malcolm, MSc, CFA, Senior Managing Director & Portfolio Manager, Public Fixed Income

In April, corporate credit spreads remained generally tight across sectors as the credit market proved resilient despite lower trading volumes. Spreads tightened significantly in the front-end of the curve, as the energy and real estate sectors demonstrated strength. The new issuance of $8.7B in April marked a slowdown from the first quarter’s monthly average of $12B, yet it surpassed last year's supply of $5.8B. Notably, this marked a slight improvement compared to the 10-year average of $8.3B. Additionally, maple issuances contributed to market activity, with foreign banks seeking opportunities in the Canadian market. On the provincial side of things, spreads remained largely unchanged across the maturity spectrum.

Canadian headline CPI inflation increased marginally from 2.8% in February to 2.9% in March, indicating persistent price pressures in the economy. GDP growth for the month of February slightly undershot expectations at 0.2% and year-over-year GDP growth stood at 0.8%. In addition, the unemployment rate rose from 5.8% in February to 6.1% in March, signalling challenges in the labour market and a tempered pace of economic expansion. During the April meeting, the Bank of Canada (BOC) remained cautiously observant, opting for a prudent approach before considering any rate adjustments, emphasizing the need for sustained progress on lowering inflation.

The Government of Canada (GoC) yield curve saw yields rise by 30-35 basis points across various tenors in April, continuing the trend of the first quarter. Expectations of near-term central bank rate cuts subsided in April, exerting significant influence on market sentiment and yield dynamics. In this context, the broad Canadian fixed income market (as represented by the FTSE Canada Universe Bond Index) recorded a negative absolute return of 2.0% over the month.

U.S./Canada relative value opportunities became more attractive during the month as U.S./CA swap pickup increased.


March 28

April 30


U.S./CA swap difference

51 bps

57 bps

5 bps

U.S./CA OAS difference

-60 bps

-59 bps

1 bps

U.S./CA relative value

-9 bps

-2 bps

6 bps

Credit spreads by quality and maturity (bps)1

Corporate spreads and provincial spreads were largely unchanged this month.

Annuity proxy and related market spreads (%)2

We expect the annuity proxy to decrease from the latest CIA guidance of 1.50% to 1.40% based on the current levels of credit spreads and the current shape of the risk-free curve. The actual annuity proxy will also reflect changes based on annuity market competition, asset availability and changing longevity views, and will differ from this hypothetical estimate.

The content of this presentation is intended for institutional investors only. It is not for retail use or distribution to individual investors. All investments involve risk including the possible loss of capital. This presentation is for informational and educational purposes only. Past performance is not a guarantee of future results. 

This document may include statements which reflect expectations or forecasts of future events. Such forward-looking statements are speculative in nature and may be subject to risks, market events, uncertainties and assumptions and actual results which could differ significantly from the statements. As such, do not place undue reliance upon such forward-looking statements. All opinions and commentary are subject to change without notice and are provided in good faith without legal responsibility. Unless otherwise stated, all figures and estimates provided have been sourced from Bloomberg and SLC Management internal credit research. The information provided on issuance is based on internal experience. Unless otherwise noted, all references to “$” are in CAD. Any reference to a specific asset does not constitute a recommendation to buy, sell or hold or directly invest in it.  It should not be assumed that the recommendations made in the future will be profitable or will equal the results of the assets discussed in this document.

The information contained in this presentation is not intended to provide specific financial, tax, investment, insurance, legal or accounting advice and should not be relied upon and does not constitute a specific offer to buy and/or sell securities, insurance or investment services. Investors should consult with their professional advisors before acting upon any information contained in this presentation.

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1Credit spreads by quality and maturity (graph)

Option adjusted spreads of the securities included in the FTSE Canada Universe Bond Index for different maturity buckets. Quality breakdown based on DBRS ratings. “FTSE®” is a trade mark of FTSE® International Limited and is used under license.

2Annuity proxy and related market spreads: (graph)

The Annuity Proxy (Actual) references the appropriate spread to be added to the Government of Canada marketable bonds, average yield series, over 10 years (CANSIM V39062) as a proxy for the annuity purchase yield for a medium duration pension plan, as published in Canadian Institute of Actuaries (“CIA”)’s educational notes on “Assumptions for Hypothetical Wind-Up and Solvency Valuations” at various effective dates (“CIA’s educational notes”). Corporate and provincial spreads are the duration neutral (relative to the liabilities) option adjusted spreads based on a blend of mid and long term FTSE Canada corporate and provincial indices. The Annuity Proxy (Hypothetical) is based on an internal SLC Management auto regression model that seeks to explain the historical “Average of the Three Most Competitive Hypothetical Quotes” (“hypothetical quotes”) as published in the CIA’s educational notes, using FTSE Canada provincial and corporate spreads, and changes in the shape of the Government of Canada risk free yield curve as explanatory variables. According to the CIA’s educational notes, these hypothetical quotes are given weight by the CIA in determining the annuity proxy guidance, in addition to data collected on actual annuity purchases and bona fide quotations. For greater certainty, the actual and bona fide quotations used by the CIA are not publically available and have not been considered in our determination of the Annuity Proxy (Hypothetical).

Hypothetical performance data does not represent the performance of actual client portfolios. Trading and other costs have not been deducted from the performance data (e.g. commissions and custodial fees). Hypothetical results may differ significantly from actual performance, as there may be variations in the percentage of each security held, the timing of security purchases and sales, and the availability and/or price of a particular security over time as the portfolio does not reflect actual market conditions. Forward-looking statements are speculative in nature and may be subject to risks, uncertainties and assumptions and actual results which could differ significantly from the statements. Do not place undue reliance upon such forward-looking statements.

3. Bloomberg and SLC Management internal credit research, 2023.

Forward-looking statements are speculative in nature and may be subject to risks, uncertainties and assumptions and actual results which could differ significantly from the statements. Do not place undue reliance upon such forward-looking statements.

US/CA relative value (table)

US/CA swap difference is the weighted-average pickup that results from the cross currency swap based on the key rate durations of the Bloomberg Barclays US Long Corporate Index. US/CA OAS difference is the difference between the option adjusted spread of the Bloomberg Barclays US Long Corporate Index and the Bloomberg Barclays Canadian Long Corporate Index.

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© SLC Management, 2024